separation of powers

separation of powers
: the allocation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers to branches of government independent of each other

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the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government.

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an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies

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the ˌseparation of ˈpowers 7 [separation of powers] noun singular
the principle of the US Constitution that the political power of the government is divided between the President, Congress and the Supreme Court
The three ‘branches’ or divisions of government are the executive branch under the ↑President, the legislative branch (i.e. ↑Congress) and the judicial branch (i.e. the ↑Supreme Court). The arrangement is intended to make sure that no one branch has too much power, and this is achieved by a system of ↑checks and balances.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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